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Body Tattoo – blog about tattoo art

Body Tattoo – blog about tattoo art
Latest tattoo news, tattoo ideas, tattoo pictures, tattoo videos.

How Tattoos Are Created

January 7th, 2010

Tattoo procedures

The art of tattooing has many different procedures varying from various countries, however the basic idea remains the same. This involves the injection of pigments or ink under the epidermis. After the pigments are injected the body’s immune system begins to kick in and sends phagocytes, these are the white blood cells that protect the body by ingesting harmful foreign particles. Theses phagocytes begin to consume the ink pigmentation and pull the ink into the deeper layers of the skin.

The top layer, or epidermis now has had time to heal and the scabbing has sloughed away, leaving a smooth new layer of skin revealing the pigmentation that has now been converted into new connective tissue with help from collagen growth. The result is a permanent pigmentation of the deeper layers of the skin, thus creating what we refer to as a “tattoo”

Traditional tattooing is still practiced in some remote areas around the world, like Borneo and Africa. Some of these tribal traditions involve cutting of the skin and then placing ink, ashes or other substances that permanently leave different colors under the skin. The instruments used in the art of tattooing vary from needles, to bone, even sharp sticks. These traditional methods make use of a tapping the needles with another stick or wooden mallet which injects the needle into the skin. The ancient art of tattooing in Japan is called Tebori. There are very few of these traditional artists left that practice this style of art, however you can still get one if you are willing to pay for them. This type of tattoo is called Horimono.

The modern method of tattooing uses tattoo guns that are electrical that inject the pigmentation at speed of 80 to 150 times per second. Tattoo shops in the US use packaged needles to insure sanitation. Artists also glove their hands and continually wash the inked skin with a sanitizer to help prevent the possibility of infection. The needles are soldered together and upon completion the needles are thrown away, never to be reused.

Inks and pigmentation in the past were made from natural materials. However today inks are unlimited and now they even have created glow in the dark inks. The materials that these inks are created from include, titanium dioxide and iron oxides to carbon black, azo dyes, and acridine, quinoline, phthalocyanine and naphthol derivates, while iron oxides are used primarily for cosmetic tattoos, such as permanent eye liner.

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